A man playing a game with his Samoyed in the park.

Things To Know As A New Samoyed Owner

6 mins |

Are you considering adding a Samoyed to your family or did already? First of all, congratulations! This breed is full of personality and will keep you entertained for hours on end, but there are some things to know as a new Samoyed owner (and as a new dog owner in general). Here’s what they are. 

Samoyeds are brilliant and very social dogs that thrive on human companionship. They’re energetic, need lots of grooming, and are more prone to health issues such as hip dysplasia, eye problems, and obesity. 

Basic Breed Characteristics

This working dog of the Artics is undoubtedly a sight for sore eyes, making a graceful entrance with a constant smile on its face. 

The Samoyed is a medium-sized dog, which stands from 19 to a bit over 23 inches at the shoulder. Also, the breed originates from Siberia. 

Known for their thick, pure white coat, Samoyeds are certainly one of the most distinguishable dog breeds. And while this dog is a rare beauty, it’s also a bit of a high-maintenance dog.

In addition, they are smart, social, and mischievous at times, and they are a great company to kids and adults alike. However, they rarely want to be alone. 

When it comes to personality, Samoyeds are very intelligent and energetic. Moreover, they need plenty of physical and mental stimulation, so regular walks and playtime are necessary.

Things You Should Know As A New Samoyed Owner

An owner sitting by their Samoyed and leaning over and smiling at them.
Now, that’s a good Samoyed!

Adopting or buying a Samoyed from a distinguished breeder may be a daunting experience. But there is nothing you can’t manage with a bit of preparation and knowing what to expect. 

When becoming a Samoyed owner, you should know and pay attention to a few things. So, let’s check them out. 

Samoyeds Are Very Intelligent Dogs

Samoyeds are smart and highly trainable, so they learn things quickly. Having a Sammy in your household is pure enjoyment. They are great riddle solvers and can perform household chores. With proper training, that is. 

But that’s only when they want to. Their stubborn nature often gets in the way when training them, making it difficult for them to focus on only one thing.

Samoyeds are prone to boredom too, which potentially leads to depression and anxiety. Thus, they should be kept busy with toys, activities, and games to stay mentally stimulated. That way they won’t act out or become destructive. 

Samoyeds Are Energetic Dogs

These dogs have a lot of energy and love to run, play, and explore any new adventure that comes their way. Of course, a daily walk is a must. But if you have a place where they can run freely, let’s say, a backyard, it will help with their mental stimulation to stay happy and healthy. 

Another thing we want to address is that Samoyeds are more of an outdoor type of dog. When kept indoors and in small apartments, they are deprived of their innate nature because, after all, they are energetic and working dogs. It is possible to make owning a Samoyed and an apartment work, it’s just not as easy as when owning a house. 

We know that almost every pet owner likes to snuggle with their furry friends too, but Samoyeds aren’t lap dogs, although they do enjoy an occasional hug and snug. 

Samoyeds Are Social And Talkative Dogs

One of the best things when deciding to own a Samoyed is that they are extremely social dogs, love children, and are kind to strangers (when trained properly). 

But because Samoyeds are highly dependent animals, they cannot be separated from their companion for more than a few hours. As a result, unlike others, they tend to experience separation anxiety.

Many Sammies, despite their rugged exterior, act like babies at times. So, if you are looking for a highly independent dog because you are often stuffed with work, go with another breed. 

Another very important trait people associate with Samoyeds is that they can be very vocal at times. Their barking and howling can be heard across the street. 

Grooming Samoyeds Is A Part-Time Job

If all of the above-mentioned points do not make you feel as if Sammys are high-maintenance dogs, this last one might. 

The thick, white double-coat of the Samoyed means that regular brushing and bathing are necessary to keep them looking and feeling their best. 

Preferably daily 20-minute brushing and a weekly, more extensive hour-long brushing, coupled with regular baths, are necessary to maintain their shiny, white and healthy coat

The cute pictures of white Samoyeds you see on Instagram or dog exhibitions are only because of the long hours of grooming, brushing, and bathing. In reality, their coat won’t be quite as pristine. 

Also, as we said, they are energetic dogs that like to run around (and rolling in the mud is one of their favorite activities). So, expect their coat to be creamy or beige if you don’t take grooming very seriously (and you definitely should). 

Lastly, never, ever decide to shave your Sammoyed’s coat. It’s not only their trademark but it also protects them from the cold and, although it might not make sense, it keeps them warm too. 

Common Health Conditions With Samoyeds

Samoyeds are generally healthy dogs with a lifespan of 12-14 years, and Sammie owners rarely have to take their dog to the vet besides their regular yearly vet visit. 

But all breeds come with health issues. Some of the most common issues seen in Samoyeds include the following ones. 

Hip Dysplasia

As with any larger dog, Samoyeds are prone to hip dysplasia. Hip dysplasia occurs when the thighbone doesn’t develop properly, often causing discomfort or even arthritis. 

Eye Problems

Cataracts, Progressive Retinal Atrophy, and Glaucoma are all potential issues in Samoyeds. Regular checkups with your vet can help prevent or diagnose these conditions. 


Samoyeds can be prone to obesity, so feeding them a nutritious diet and monitoring their weight closely is important. And remember, treats should only be given in moderation. 

Is Samoyed The Right Breed For You?

As Samoyeds are high-maintenance and highly energetic dogs as well, they are not suitable for first-time owners. That doesn’t mean first-time owners can’t own a Samoyeds, we just don’t recommend it. 

Also, Samoyeds require a lot of care and attention and an active person. Suppose your schedule allows you to keep up with Sammy’s needs, and you are adventurous. In that case, a Samoyed is a good companion and will embark on every journey with you. 

Key Takeaways: Things To Know As A New Samoyed Owner

If you decide to adopt a Samoyed, these are a few of the things to know as a new Samoyed owner. But the most important is that with a little bit of love and dedication, you can have a loyal companion for many years to come! 

So, how are things going with you and your Sammie? Let us know in the section below!

Sandra is a veterinary undergraduate student based in Macedonia. She combines her two passions: veterinary medicine and writing, and she also tends to raise awareness about animal welfare as much as she can. As a student, she has attended many seminars and conferences related to the veterinary profession, and currently, she is focused on veterinary content writing. Although she owns a cat, she strongly claims that “dogs are her favorite people”.